What areas of NJ does Epic Well Drilling service?
We drill wells predominantly in Ocean, Atlantic and Monmouth County.
Where should the well be located?
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) regulates well drilling in the state. Setbacks for water wells for drinking require that the well be at least 20’ from the house, 100’ from a septic field, 50’ from a septic tank, 25’ from a sewer line and 25’ from a fuel tank. Wells should also be located for convenient access for drilling equipment and future service.
Are permits needed?
Yes, all wells, including irrigation wells, require a state permit. Some municipalities also require an additional permit. These will be applied for by our licensed well driller at Epic Well Drilling.
How deep should the well be?
This is dependent upon the site. Most wells are between 50 and 100 feet. We will be able to determine the necessary depth of your well after a site survey.
What is grouting and why is it important?
Grouting provides a necessary protection against contaminates from the surface and upper water table seeping into your well. The process involves drilling an oversized borehole to accommodate the well casing and screen the area around the outer part of the casing is filled with bentonite or concrete to ensure a safe and proper seal. Proper grouting is essential in order to protect your water supply and quite possibly, your neighbor’s water supply, too.
How much of a mess will there be?
Drilling a well in the ground results in significant land disturbance centralized around the well site. This impact is minimized due to our professional handling of your lawn. Depending upon the location and equipment necessary, there may be more or less mess. We do our best to ensure your property looks as nice as it did before we got there.
How long will it take to complete the installation?
Drilling may not start until permits are obtained, usually a period requiring two to four weeks. The actual drilling often takes only one day due to the efficiency of our equipment and crew. The pump and well tank installation typically requires an additional day. However, the trench for the water and electric lines between the well and dwelling frequently must remain open until inspection and approval by the local health officer. Upon installation, the water should be run continuously for approximately five days or until the water is crystal clear and the chlorine disinfectant has been pumped out.
What size pump do I need?
This depends upon the size of your home and your specific water needs. Once we visit you for a site survey, we will be able to determine the best equipment for your particular case.
Will I need water treatment?
Many wells in our work area have naturally occurring levels of dissolved iron, hydrogen sulfide (causes sulfur odor), and/or low pH that do not meet high water quality standards. Although these water characteristics are not harmful to your health, they are aesthetically unpleasing and thus require water treatment to prevent brown staining of fixtures, foul odor and corrosion of copper pipes and faucets.
What kind of water treatment will I need?
To remove dissolved iron and prevent staining water, softeners or salt-free water filters can be installed. Water softeners remove dissolved iron and hardness using ion exchange. These systems recharge themselves with salt that is consumed, but adding virtually no salt to the water itself. However, they do require routine filling of the salt tank by the homeowner. We also install treatment systems with a salt-free design that remove iron and sulfur odor by oxidizing the dissolved iron and hydrogen sulfide gas into a filterable form and then backwashing this precipitate out. This treatment does not require filling of salt or chemical tanks. The size of the water treatment system depends on the required flow rate of the well and pump system and if the water used for irrigation must be treated as well as the domestic house water.
What additional work, if any, will I need to do?
You will be required to supply an adequate source of electricity to the well tank location. On new installations, you must hire an electrician to run the electric, but on replacement wells we normally are able to reuse the existing electrical supply. When a new electric line is needed or an existing line must be extended to a new location, you should hire a licensed electrician for safety and code compliance. After the new well is functional, you will need to hire a state-approved water test laboratory to test the water and report the results to the NJDEP if the water will be used for drinking.